What you need to know about coronavirus (COVID-19)- Updated

Corona Virus

Part of the world has been shut down with the life-threatening Corona Virus. And with the unavailability of Vaccine or proper medication- it’s much needed that you take stringent measures to safeguard yourself and your family. Here’s an article on the updated information about the epidemic.

What is coronavirus?

The corona virus is a family of viruses that can cause a range of illnesses in humans including common cold and more severe forms like SARS and MERS which are life-threatening. The virus is named after its shape which takes the form of a crown with protrusions around it and hence is
known as coronavirus.

This virus was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. The illness has now spread across Europe, Asia, Africa, the USA, South Korea, France, India, Philippines, Thailand and Japan- not to forget Italy. It s primarily spread through airborne contact or contact with contaminated objects. Its incubation period is two to 14 days, with an average of seven days.

How is the virus transmitted?

The new coronavirus can be transmitted between humans, according to Chinese health authorities. It is also adapting and mutating, which could make the virus spread faster and possibly more difficult
to treat. It is not yet clear how infectious the virus is.

The first infections were detected in the Chinese city of Wuhan and traced back to a wild animal and fish market, which has now been shut down. The virus might have been transmitted through direct contact between humans and animals, or simply via the air like many germs.Viruses that can spread between humans and animals cause so-called zoonotic diseases. Such
viruses may be transmitted when humans consume meat or animal products or if such products were insufficiently heated or prepared in an unsanitary environment.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

An infected person with the Coronavirus feels uneasy breathing, sore throat, cold, cough, and fever.This fever can transform to pneumonia and pneumonia can exacerbate many problems associated with the kidney. The virus can affect more commonly the people with the weakened immune
system, infants and old age people.

Seek medical attention immediately

If you are sick and think you have symptoms of COVID-19, seek medical attention. If you want to talk to someone about your symptoms first, call the Coronavirus Health Information Line for advice.

Coronavirus Health Information Line

Call this line if you are seeking information on coronavirus (COVID-19). The line operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Helpline number
011-239 78046

How to seek medical attention

To seek medical help from a doctor or hospital, call ahead of time to book an appointment.

You will be asked to take precautions when you attend for treatment. Follow the instructions you are given.

If you have a mask, wear it to protect others. Stay at least 1.5 metres away from other people. Cover your coughs or sneezes with your elbow.

Tell the doctor about:

  • your symptoms
  • any travel history
  • any recent contact with someone who has COVID-19

How it spreads

The virus can spread from person to person through:

  • close contact with an infectious person (including in the 24 hours before they started showing symptoms)
  • contact with droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze
  • touching objects or surfaces (like doorknobs or tables) that have cough or sneeze droplets from an infected person, and then touching your mouth or face

COVID-19 is a new disease, so there is no existing immunity in our community. This means that COVID-19 could spread widely and quickly.


Clean your hands thoroughly before coming from anywhere or eating anything. Since there is no vaccine is available to stop Coronavirus, doctors are using other important medicines to mitigate the risk. The Coronavirus can pose a life threat if it effects for a long time or reaches a fatal level.

Wash your hands at least for 20seconds. Why? Viruses can spread from person to person via respiratory droplets. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, close contacts can be infected. In addition, the virus can end up on doorknobs, elevator buttons and other surfaces. If you touch those
surfaces and then touch your eyes, nose or mouth, you can become infected.

-Wear a mask
-Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
– Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
– Stay home when you are sick.
– Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
– Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe
– Check the medicine cabinet to ensure you have basic medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen.
– Think about a backup plan if schools were to close during an outbreak.
– If you take a daily prescription medication, have as much of a supply on hand as possible.
– Ask your employer about a work-from-home option.
– Wear a face mask to prevent from being infected by the COVID-19 disease.

Spread the awareness

Take time and effort to let people know and contribute towards breaking the epidemic from spreading ahead. Share and care.

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